Warlord kommt aus dem Englischen und bedeutet Kriegsherr. Oftmals verlängern Warlords bewusst den Krieg, weil sie viel Geld durch den Verkauf von. Warlord, deutsch auch Kriegsfürst, bezeichnet einen militärischen Anführer, der unabhängig von der Staatsmacht den Sicherheitssektor eines Landesteils kontrolliert oder ein begrenztes Gebiet beherrscht, das der Staatsgewalt entglitten ist. 15 Jahre Einsatz in AfghanistanWarlords mit westlichem Segen. Von Emran Feroz. Podcast abonnieren. Ein Gebäude, das bei einem Gefecht.
Frieden FragenWarlords ist eine Reihe rundenbasierter Computer-Strategiespiele des australischen Spieleentwicklers Steve Fawkner. Fawkner entwarf die Serie während. Kepler kannte seinen Chef jedoch besser, Abudi war wirklich der einzige, der über den eigenen Tellerrand hinausschauen konnte. Mit den Malakaler Warlords. Warlord, deutsch auch Kriegsfürst, bezeichnet einen militärischen Anführer, der unabhängig von der Staatsmacht den Sicherheitssektor eines Landesteils.
Warlords Inhaltsverzeichnis VideoThe Friendship Between Britain And The USA - Warlords: Churchill vs Roosevelt - Timeline
In his study of warlordism in Georgia and Tajikistan, Driscoll cites " land reform , property ownership and transfers, privatization in non-transparent closed-bid settings, complex credit swaps cemented via marriages, money laundering , price fixing schemes , and bribery", as principal sources of exchange in redistribution politics.
Noted theorist Max Weber suggested that classic feudalism in pre-modern-state Europe was an example of warlordism, as the state regime was unable to "exercise a monopoly on the use of force within its territory"  and the monarch relied on the commitment of loyal knights and other nobility to mobilize their private armies in support of the crown for specific military campaigns.
As noted French philosopher Alexis de Tocqueville and political scientists such as E. Under the feudal system of Europe, nobility—whether feudal lords, knights, princes or barons—were warlords in that they served as regional leaders who exercised military, economic and political control over subnational territories and maintained private armies to maintain that status.
While their political power to exercise social order, welfare and regional defense within their territory was derived from hereditary rights or edicts from the monarch, their military strength afforded them independence and strength to negotiate for privileges.
Should the feudal lord or other noble withdraw his support from the king, either in rebellion or to form an alliance with a rival kingdom, that feudal lord or noble was now ascribing to the political order of ungoverned warlordism.
Within political science there is a growing body of research and analysis on warlordism that has emerged within weak states that have gained independence as a result of the collapse of empire.
While warlords are commonly viewed as regional leaders who threaten the sovereignty of a state, there are a number of states where the central government functions in collusion with warlords to achieve its goal of exercising its sovereignty over regions that would otherwise fall outside its control.
In such decentralized states, particularly those where armed groups challenge national sovereignty , warlords can serve as useful allies of a central government that is unable to establish a monopoly over the use of force within its national territory.
As political scientist Dr. Ariel Hernandez documented, one example is the Philippines , where successive presidential administrations—at least since Ferdinand Marcos secured power in —have "franchised violence to regional warlords" to counter the inroads of communist insurgents , Islamic rebels and organized criminal gangs.
This has led to the formation of at least 93 "Partisan Armed Groups", armed militias loyal to regional warlords who, in exchange for their loyalty and willingness to use their private armies to quell the threats from these opposition groups, are granted a degree of autonomy within designated regions, the exclusive right to use violence and the right "to profit from the 'economy of violence' that they establish in their own areas".
Warlordism in Afghanistan—another state where the central government is unable to extend political, military or bureaucratic control over large swaths of territories outside the capital—functions cooperatively within the framework of the state, at times.
The warlords, with their established militias, are able to maintain a monopoly of violence within certain territories.
They form coalitions with competing warlords and local tribal leaders to present the central government with a challenge, and often the state will bargain to gain access to resources or " rent ", loyalty from the warlord and peace in the region.
In exchange for peaceful coexistence, the warlord coalitions are granted special status and privileges, including the right to maintain de facto political rule within the agreed-upon territory, exert force to retain their monopoly over violence and extract rent and resources.
In the case of Afghanistan, the state-warlord bargaining sometimes extends beyond these informal accords and elevates to the status of political clientelism , in which the warlords are appointed to formal government positions, such as regional governor; a title which provides them political legitimacy.
It has been shown that during the state-warlord bargaining phase, warlords in Afghanistan have a high motivation to prolong war to create political instability, expose weakness of the central state, prompt regional criticism against the government and continue economic extraction.
In his study of warlordism in Georgia and Tajikistan , political scientist Jesse Driscoll emphasizes how the collapse of the Soviet Union precipitated the entification of militant, independence-seeking nationalist movements within the republics —particularly within the Central Asian and Caucasus regions—resulting in armed conflict and civil war.
Many strongmen warlords had previously served in the Soviet military , police units or intelligence services and had experience operating within highly organized bureaucracies.
These warlords formed well-structured militias that not only established political and economic control over territories, but institutionalized bureaucracies to establish and maintain their monopolies over violence and rent and "incentivizing the behavior of citizens within a particular geographical space".
A truce was reached without any disarmament of militias; instead, the warlord coalitions reached a non-violent "order producing equilibrium",  and eventually agreed upon a warlord-friendly civilian figurehead to assume head-of-state duties to demonstrate the legitimacy as a sovereign state to the rest of the world.
This opened up Georgia and Tajikistan as states eligible to receive international aid , which thereafter became a major source of " rent " for the warlords, providing them with resources to increase their power and influence over these societies.
As Driscoll observed, the "warlords colluded to create a state". One political theory, pioneered by American economist Mancur Olson , posits that warlords can function as stationary bandits.
In some African states, warlord politics can be a product of endowment-rich, extractable resources. Some nations, including Liberia and Sierra Leone, have had stationary bandits who use extraction of resources such as diamonds, cobalt and timber " conflict resources " in order to increase their political power.
They often enforce their right to these resources by claiming to be protecting the people. The result is a political system in which a dominant coalition of warlords strips and distributes valuable assets in exchange for bureaucratic services and security from foreign firms.
Stationary bandits can amass power because of their economic connections with foreign firms. Oftentimes warlords will exert violence on a particular region in order to gain control.
Once in control, these warlords can expropriate the property or resources from the people and land and redistribute the riches in exchange for monetary value.
When people live in a particular region dominated by a warlord, they can choose to flee or live within the political structure the warlords have created.
If the warlords provide protection against external threats of violence, the people will be likely to stay and continue living and working in that region, even though they are being extorted.
The trade-off becomes protection for extraction, and this political framework is common in periphery regions of countries which do not have a strong central government.
Modern-day Afghanistan is a multiethnic, multilingual country inhabited by distinct and often competing tribal societies, with its national borders were defined only following the Treaty of Rawalpindi of , signed between the United Kingdom and the Emirate of Afghanistan.
Afghanistan briefly was a democratic state until a coup , which resulted in the April Revolution of Historically, power in Afghanistan has been decentralized and governance delegated locally to ethnic tribal leadership.
Tribal leaders often act as local warlords, representing either a tribal confederacy, a tribal kinship group or a smaller tribal lineage grouping, and are expected to provide security , justice and social services to their respective "constituencies".
The Durand Line , which forms the border between modern-day Pakistan and Afghanistan, has proved a source of contention in Afghanistan and a source of challenge for the tribal authorities of Afghanistan.
The line, which was negotiated between British diplomat and civil servant Mortimer Durand and Afghan Emir Abdur Khan , was a political boundary drawn in which clearly defined and demarcated the border between Afghanistan and the British Raj.
Strategic Studies Group Infinite Interactive. Steve Fawkner. Warlords 4: Heroes of Etheria Plattform en. Genre s.
Rundenbasiertes Strategiespiel. Strategic Studies Group. The races in game became predefined: knights , empire , elves , dark elves , dwarves , dragons , undead , demons , orcs and ogres.
Each of these races had its traits, giving it advantages and disadvantages regarding the race of the opposing player. Each player had a certain favored race, and the pace of production of units belonging to other races depended on the interracial relations.
The player's character in this game was personified as a special unit which only involved in battles over the capital city and could not move around the map.
The defeat of the warlord led to defeat of the player, so that all possessed cities became neutral. Traits the player picked at the time of warlord creation gave the warlord some benefits and limitations in the game.
The warlord character could be reused in other campaigns. Warlords Battlecry is a real-time strategy computer game released in July for Microsoft Windows.
The game spawned several sequels. Unlike the original game the remake featured several multiple language support with several localizations available.
This version implements artifacts, production vectoring and more powerful AI. FreeLords intends to be a turn-based strategy game like the original Warlords.
The development began with removal of features not found in the original game. Identification and implementation of missing Warlords II functionality followed.
Warbarons can be played for free within a web-browser. Being web-based makes it easier to find human opponents to play with. Development was started in by Mattias Carlstrom and Jonte Rydberg, initially not intended to be a Warlords clone.
However, with help from members of the Warlords' player community, the game developed many striking similarities: map with square tiles, stacks of up to 8 units, the entire combat system, ruins, cities, temples, heroes, allies, etc.
Notable differences to Warlords are: the level system for heroes similar to Warlords III, but differing skills and classes ; the absence of hero quests sages just improve hero abilities and that ships for water movement are not built, but instantly bought instead.
As of September , Warbarons  is fully playable online and still actively maintained and improved by its original developers.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Warlords game series. Not to be confused with Warlords video game. For other uses, see Warlord disambiguation.
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Dragon : 57— Retrieved 26 December Diese Kontrolle ist nicht politisch legitimiert, sondern gestützt auf bewaffnete Einheiten, die nur dem Warlord gegenüber loyal sind.
Das Auftreten von Warlords ist besonders in gescheiterten Staaten häufig zu beobachten. Dies ist nur möglich, wenn der Zentralstaat einem Warlord Autonomie zugesteht oder vielmehr nicht in der Lage ist, das staatliche Gewaltmonopol gegenüber dem Warlord durchzusetzen.
Darum findet man Warlords oft in Krisen- beziehungsweise Bürgerkriegsregionen. Die Rolle des Warlords ist stark männlich geprägt, in sehr seltenen Fällen sind aber auch weibliche Warlords belegt.
Der deutsche Begriff Kriegsherr kam in der Neuzeit in Gebrauch und etablierte sich in der jüngeren deutschen Verfassungsgeschichte als Bezeichnung für den legitimen Führer einer Kriegspartei.
Bisweilen bezeichnete das Wort auch einen Heerführer, dem die Kriegführung als Untertan oder Beauftragten des Herrschers eigenverantwortlich übertragen wurde.
Der Kriegsherr unterscheidet sich von einem Feldherrn oder Heerführer insbesondere durch die Befugnis oder Ermächtigung, den Krieg zu erklären und gegebenenfalls durch Waffenstillstand oder Friedensschluss völkerrechtlich bindend wieder zu beenden.
Ein Kriegsherr ist demnach gerade kein Warlord, dessen völkerrechtlich als illegitim betrachtete Stellung nur auf der Macht des Faktischen beruht.The updated version of the game — Warlords II Deluxe — was released in Bild De Kreuzworträtsel of Democracy. Review of African Political Economy. The game spawned Kostenlos Fettspielen sequels. The Cossack ataman Semyonov held territories in the Transbaikalia region, and the Bloody Baron Ungern von Sternberg was the dictator of Mongolia for a short time. During his term of office Taylor Etoro Com accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity as a result of his involvement in Bayer Aktie Analyse Sierra Leone Civil War — Steve Fawkner. He was found guilty in April of all 11 charges levied by the Special Court, including terror, murder and rape. Über die Missionskarte liegen verteilt üblicherweise mehrere Burgen, die Ausgangspunkt für Www.Adultfriendfinder.Com Einheitenproduktion sind und Warlords es zu erobern gilt. New York: Skyhorse Publishing. Alle Teile verwenden dabei ein rundenbasiertes Spielprinzip. Diese Kontrolle ist nicht politisch legitimiert, sondern gestützt auf bewaffnete Einheiten, die nur dem Warlord gegenüber loyal sind. As a result, the country fractured into 12 regions, each led by a warlord. Political scientist Jesse Driscoll uses the term "redistribution politics" to classify the bargaining process between warlords and the regime in states where cooperative warlord politics prevails, and when that bargaining leads to accords or informal arrangements concerning the extraction of rent—which can refer to natural resources, territory, labor, revenue or privilege. Traits the player picked at the time of warlord Pokal Spiel Heute gave the warlord some benefits and limitations in the game.